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  1. #1
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    Singapore SS

    The first secret societies
    The secret societies which formed in Singapore can be traced to mid-18th century Fujian province in China, with the local offshoots adopting an organisational structure mirroring the parent organization. The Hongman (洪門), the first secret society to be established in Singapore, traced its origins to the Heaven and Earth Society (Tiandihui) in Fujian.[citation needed]

    Policing secret societies
    Despite their founding principles of mutual assistance and bonding, secret societies have, over time, come to conjure up impressions of violence and disorder. This association, perhaps exaggerated, has been encouraged by law enforcement officers since their formation in the colonial era. This perception was strengthened by several factors, including the inability of the colony's administration to control their activities, the branding of arrested society members as "criminal gangsters" by the media and an upsurge in violent crime in the 1960s sparked by a few society members. These factors came together during the same period in which the country was trying to gain a foothold fresh from having attained political independence it did not foresee.

    Several important riots in Malayan history had prompted the colonial government to respond umambiguosly. These riots include the Penang Riots of 1867 (which involved the Ghee Hin) and the Post Office Riots of 1876. The Societies Ordinance of 1889 was introduced as an attempt at suppression.

    '21 (Dhee It)(Peh)'

    Ang Meng Tong 洪盟堂
    Ang Meng Hui 洪盟会
    Ghee Ang Eng 义洪英
    Ang Yee Tong 洪义堂
    Ang Soon Tong 洪顺堂
    Tiong Yee Tong 忠义堂
    Ang Mo Kow 614
    Heng Kee 兴记
    Ang Guat Hwei
    Ang Tian San
    Feng Huang Shan
    Feng Qing Shan
    Guat San Sia
    Deet San Sia
    Leng Heng Sia
    Yee Chuan San
    Yee Chuan Hai
    Yee Hup Ho
    Pak Hai Tong 北海堂
    Tong Meng Gok
    Gnoi Seek Kee
    Hup Ho Tong
    21 San[213]
    21 Hai
    21 Ang Hai
    21 Re Yue Ban 日月班
    21 Ba Gek Tong 龅牙堂
    Sio Kun Tong(SalaGou) (369) (Chao)

    West Coast Kuntong
    Kallang, Airport Road (Airport Kia)
    Tanglin Halt
    Mei Ling Lor
    Queenstown Chao
    Tanjong Rhu
    "Lak Ko"- 6th Avenue
    "Chit Ko"- 7th Avenue
    Taman Selasih
    Rochor Bay - Goh Chor Bay
    Teck Whye Lane (Some branches declare independence )
    Yew Tee Chao
    Clementi "Kim Bun Tai"
    Toa Payoh Chao
    Marsiling Chao
    Hougang Kia
    Jurong West
    Sin Ming Lor
    Hai Nam Sua
    Marsiling KunTong
    Sio Hoon Chao
    Pasir Ris Chao
    Panjang KunTong
    Babi Chao
    Pork KunTong
    18 Zhup Puey (Siao)(Sio Yi Ho)

    Siao Kim Tian
    Ar Bak Kuay
    Aljunied Cresent Siao
    Toa Payoh Siao
    Bugis Siao
    Kranji Siao
    3 Beh Lor
    4 Beh Lor
    7 Beh Lor
    Rochor Siao
    Bedok Siao
    Depot Siao
    Purmei Siao
    Hougang Siao
    Geylang Siao
    Lorong ah soo Siao
    Liew Lian Ka
    Telok Blangah Cresent Siao
    Tampines Siao
    Tekka Siao
    Hup Soon Heng

    ' 24 Ghee Hia Di(Dhee Xi)'

    Ghee Hai Kim 义海金
    Ghee Lian Hor 义龙虎
    Ghee Leng Kiat 义龙杰
    Ghee Sa Diu 义三舅 (139)
    Patt Leong 八联
    Sio Ang Kun(Tiong Bahru,Redhill)
    Sio Lo Kuan (Jalan Deskar,Jalan Besar)
    Kau Lak Kau (969)
    Ghee Meng Tong 义盟堂
    Ghee Hin Kongsi 义兴公司
    Ghee Hock (Part of Ghee Hin Kongsi) 义福
    'HK Traids'

    14K
    Wah Ching
    Sun Yee On
    'Kong Puey 08(Kong)'

    Hai Lok San (10 海陆山
    Hai Lok You
    Pek Kim Leng 白金龙
    Pek Ka Long
    Kim Leng Hor 金龙虎
    Sio Leng Hor 小龙虎
    Di Chet (27)
    Go Hock San
    Go Kong Go (505)
    Sio Ang Leng
    Leng Hor Shan
    Sio Oh Leng
    Pui Kong Pui(80
    Sio Pa Leng San
    Sa Kong Sa (303)
    'Independent gangs'

    Sarajumbo (Indian Gang)
    Veerasamy (Indian Gang)
    Riyadi gang( Malay Gang)
    Omega (Malay gang)
    Woodlands 806 CoffeeShop (Mixed Gang)
    Hougang 401 CoffeeShop (Mixed Gang)
    [edit] Reasons for the decline
    In the early 19th century, secret societies posed a significant threat to law and order in Singapore. The early Chinese immigrants' clandestine activities and occasional turf wars proved too much of a problem for the British authorities. The British authorities were therefore obliged to curb the growing problem. They employed a number of methods, both on purpose and not, to check the growth of secret societies. This resulted in the decline of secret societies.

    [edit] Singapore becoming a Crown Colony
    The transfer of authority over Singapore from the Indian Government to the colonial office in London is considered by most to be the most important factor that helped the British authority check the growth of secret societies. Elevation of Singapore to a crown Colony meant that London was willing to spend money and resources, and provide proper administrators that it was previously unprepared to do. Thus, Singapore was given a significantly larger priority and only with the transfer of power, could the authorities initiate the following changes.

    [edit] Legislation of strict laws
    The legislation of strict laws had an enormous effect in checking the growth of the secret societies. Two significant laws were passed in the 1860s.

    The first was the Peace Preservation Act (also known as the banishment act) of 1867, which gave the colonial government the power to detain and deport Chinese immigrants who were convicted of crime. This was a major weapon against the secret societies members as it created fear and deterred the immigrants from joining the secret societies. With this law, the power of the secret societies was significantly curtailed.
    In 1869, The Peace Preservation Act was amended, and the Dangerous Societies Suppression Ordinance was also enacted. This required that secret societies be registered. By requiring only the societies, and not the individual members, to be registered, the police attracted people to go to provide insight on the actual strength of the societies. 10 societies, 618 office bearers and 12371 members were registered in the first round of registrations. This Ordinace also accorded the colonial government the power to inspect any society that was deemed dangerous to public peace. This way the colonial government could monitor the activities of the secret societies closely. This prevented the Chinese immigrants from joining the secret societies, causing it to reduce in influence in Singapore in the 19th century.
    [edit] Improvements to police force
    In 1843, there were only 133 police personnel. Even if the army of 595 men was brought in, they were still no match for the Chinese Community consisting of 32132 people (most of whom were secret society members). Thomas Dunman, the first Commissioner of Police, wrote that his police force was underpaid and drew salaries lower than the average coolies. By 1865, there were 385 policemen to 50043 Chinese, but the ratio of policemen to Chinese was still too few to be effective. This was compounded by the fact that no one in the police force was qualified to deal with the Chinese. The officers' posts were held by Europeans while Indians made up the rank and file. No Chinese were employed because of their possible dealings with secret societies. Thus, the police force was ignorant of the language and ways of the Chinese, which was also the most volatile community. So ineffective was the police force that the wealthy had to hire private watchmen and carry personal arms to ensure their own safety.

    However, after Singapore became a Crown Colony, large improvements made to the local police force. This was an important factor that helped check the growth of secret societies. The police force started to receive more funding, better equipment and proper training. All these made the police force a much more effective force than it previously was under the East India Company. Even more significant was the hiring of Chinese police officers who could understand and deal with the problems associated with the secret societies.

    Establishment of Chinese Protectorate
    The establishment of the Chinese Protectorate is yet another factor that led to the societies’ growth being checked. The first Chinese Protector, William Pickering maintained close contact with the Chinese immigrant community, and provided them with assistance. Being fluent in written and spoken Mandarin as well as in various Chinese dialect, Pickering looked after the welfare of the newly arrived coolies, prevented coolie abuse and kept track of the numbers of coolies leaving and arriving. Pickering also licensed coolie depots. To qualify for a license, the depots required a constant and plentiful supply of water and good ventiliation. He also visited the coolies to ask them in person what their connections in Singapore were, making sure they had someone to turn to during their stay.

    This establishment of the Chinese Protectorate let the British sustain, for the first time in history, a satisfactory relationship with the Chinese community. Pickering was know affectionately to the Chinese as dairen (大人), Cantonese for 'great man'. The Protectorate effectively became a legitimate alternative where migrants could come and try solve their problems, instead of putting it forward to the societies for a normally violent conclusion. It thus helped to deter many new immigrants from increasing the membership of secret societies.

  2. #2
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    Re: Singapore SS

    陈进男started it all?


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  3. #3
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    Re: Singapore SS

    And one can also add -

    "Since the establishment of the casino in Singapore, it seems the secret societies have made a resurgence perhaps due to the convergence of vice related activities which previously was harder to manage.

    This resugence manifested in multiple seemingly meaningless gangfights resulting in deaths and injuries across the island nation."

    Quote Originally Posted by blackknight88 View Post
    The first secret societies
    The secret societies which formed in Singapore can be traced to mid-18th century Fujian province in China, with the local offshoots adopting an organisational structure mirroring the parent organization. The Hongman (洪門), the first secret society to be established in Singapore, traced its origins to the Heaven and Earth Society (Tiandihui) in Fujian.[citation needed]

    Policing secret societies
    Despite their founding principles of mutual assistance and bonding, secret societies have, over time, come to conjure up impressions of violence and disorder. This association, perhaps exaggerated, has been encouraged by law enforcement officers since their formation in the colonial era. This perception was strengthened by several factors, including the inability of the colony's administration to control their activities, the branding of arrested society members as "criminal gangsters" by the media and an upsurge in violent crime in the 1960s sparked by a few society members. These factors came together during the same period in which the country was trying to gain a foothold fresh from having attained political independence it did not foresee.

    Several important riots in Malayan history had prompted the colonial government to respond umambiguosly. These riots include the Penang Riots of 1867 (which involved the Ghee Hin) and the Post Office Riots of 1876. The Societies Ordinance of 1889 was introduced as an attempt at suppression.

    '21 (Dhee It)(Peh)'

    Ang Meng Tong 洪盟堂
    Ang Meng Hui 洪盟会
    Ghee Ang Eng 义洪英
    Ang Yee Tong 洪义堂
    Ang Soon Tong 洪顺堂
    Tiong Yee Tong 忠义堂
    Ang Mo Kow 614
    Heng Kee 兴记
    Ang Guat Hwei
    Ang Tian San
    Feng Huang Shan
    Feng Qing Shan
    Guat San Sia
    Deet San Sia
    Leng Heng Sia
    Yee Chuan San
    Yee Chuan Hai
    Yee Hup Ho
    Pak Hai Tong 北海堂
    Tong Meng Gok
    Gnoi Seek Kee
    Hup Ho Tong
    21 San[213]
    21 Hai
    21 Ang Hai
    21 Re Yue Ban 日月班
    21 Ba Gek Tong 龅牙堂
    Sio Kun Tong(SalaGou) (369) (Chao)

    West Coast Kuntong
    Kallang, Airport Road (Airport Kia)
    Tanglin Halt
    Mei Ling Lor
    Queenstown Chao
    Tanjong Rhu
    "Lak Ko"- 6th Avenue
    "Chit Ko"- 7th Avenue
    Taman Selasih
    Rochor Bay - Goh Chor Bay
    Teck Whye Lane (Some branches declare independence )
    Yew Tee Chao
    Clementi "Kim Bun Tai"
    Toa Payoh Chao
    Marsiling Chao
    Hougang Kia
    Jurong West
    Sin Ming Lor
    Hai Nam Sua
    Marsiling KunTong
    Sio Hoon Chao
    Pasir Ris Chao
    Panjang KunTong
    Babi Chao
    Pork KunTong
    18 Zhup Puey (Siao)(Sio Yi Ho)

    Siao Kim Tian
    Ar Bak Kuay
    Aljunied Cresent Siao
    Toa Payoh Siao
    Bugis Siao
    Kranji Siao
    3 Beh Lor
    4 Beh Lor
    7 Beh Lor
    Rochor Siao
    Bedok Siao
    Depot Siao
    Purmei Siao
    Hougang Siao
    Geylang Siao
    Lorong ah soo Siao
    Liew Lian Ka
    Telok Blangah Cresent Siao
    Tampines Siao
    Tekka Siao
    Hup Soon Heng

    ' 24 Ghee Hia Di(Dhee Xi)'

    Ghee Hai Kim 义海金
    Ghee Lian Hor 义龙虎
    Ghee Leng Kiat 义龙杰
    Ghee Sa Diu 义三舅 (139)
    Patt Leong 八联
    Sio Ang Kun(Tiong Bahru,Redhill)
    Sio Lo Kuan (Jalan Deskar,Jalan Besar)
    Kau Lak Kau (969)
    Ghee Meng Tong 义盟堂
    Ghee Hin Kongsi 义兴公司
    Ghee Hock (Part of Ghee Hin Kongsi) 义福
    'HK Traids'

    14K
    Wah Ching
    Sun Yee On
    'Kong Puey 08(Kong)'

    Hai Lok San (10 海陆山
    Hai Lok You
    Pek Kim Leng 白金龙
    Pek Ka Long
    Kim Leng Hor 金龙虎
    Sio Leng Hor 小龙虎
    Di Chet (27)
    Go Hock San
    Go Kong Go (505)
    Sio Ang Leng
    Leng Hor Shan
    Sio Oh Leng
    Pui Kong Pui(80
    Sio Pa Leng San
    Sa Kong Sa (303)
    'Independent gangs'

    Sarajumbo (Indian Gang)
    Veerasamy (Indian Gang)
    Riyadi gang( Malay Gang)
    Omega (Malay gang)
    Woodlands 806 CoffeeShop (Mixed Gang)
    Hougang 401 CoffeeShop (Mixed Gang)
    [edit] Reasons for the decline
    In the early 19th century, secret societies posed a significant threat to law and order in Singapore. The early Chinese immigrants' clandestine activities and occasional turf wars proved too much of a problem for the British authorities. The British authorities were therefore obliged to curb the growing problem. They employed a number of methods, both on purpose and not, to check the growth of secret societies. This resulted in the decline of secret societies.

    [edit] Singapore becoming a Crown Colony
    The transfer of authority over Singapore from the Indian Government to the colonial office in London is considered by most to be the most important factor that helped the British authority check the growth of secret societies. Elevation of Singapore to a crown Colony meant that London was willing to spend money and resources, and provide proper administrators that it was previously unprepared to do. Thus, Singapore was given a significantly larger priority and only with the transfer of power, could the authorities initiate the following changes.

    [edit] Legislation of strict laws
    The legislation of strict laws had an enormous effect in checking the growth of the secret societies. Two significant laws were passed in the 1860s.

    The first was the Peace Preservation Act (also known as the banishment act) of 1867, which gave the colonial government the power to detain and deport Chinese immigrants who were convicted of crime. This was a major weapon against the secret societies members as it created fear and deterred the immigrants from joining the secret societies. With this law, the power of the secret societies was significantly curtailed.
    In 1869, The Peace Preservation Act was amended, and the Dangerous Societies Suppression Ordinance was also enacted. This required that secret societies be registered. By requiring only the societies, and not the individual members, to be registered, the police attracted people to go to provide insight on the actual strength of the societies. 10 societies, 618 office bearers and 12371 members were registered in the first round of registrations. This Ordinace also accorded the colonial government the power to inspect any society that was deemed dangerous to public peace. This way the colonial government could monitor the activities of the secret societies closely. This prevented the Chinese immigrants from joining the secret societies, causing it to reduce in influence in Singapore in the 19th century.
    [edit] Improvements to police force
    In 1843, there were only 133 police personnel. Even if the army of 595 men was brought in, they were still no match for the Chinese Community consisting of 32132 people (most of whom were secret society members). Thomas Dunman, the first Commissioner of Police, wrote that his police force was underpaid and drew salaries lower than the average coolies. By 1865, there were 385 policemen to 50043 Chinese, but the ratio of policemen to Chinese was still too few to be effective. This was compounded by the fact that no one in the police force was qualified to deal with the Chinese. The officers' posts were held by Europeans while Indians made up the rank and file. No Chinese were employed because of their possible dealings with secret societies. Thus, the police force was ignorant of the language and ways of the Chinese, which was also the most volatile community. So ineffective was the police force that the wealthy had to hire private watchmen and carry personal arms to ensure their own safety.

    However, after Singapore became a Crown Colony, large improvements made to the local police force. This was an important factor that helped check the growth of secret societies. The police force started to receive more funding, better equipment and proper training. All these made the police force a much more effective force than it previously was under the East India Company. Even more significant was the hiring of Chinese police officers who could understand and deal with the problems associated with the secret societies.

    Establishment of Chinese Protectorate
    The establishment of the Chinese Protectorate is yet another factor that led to the societies’ growth being checked. The first Chinese Protector, William Pickering maintained close contact with the Chinese immigrant community, and provided them with assistance. Being fluent in written and spoken Mandarin as well as in various Chinese dialect, Pickering looked after the welfare of the newly arrived coolies, prevented coolie abuse and kept track of the numbers of coolies leaving and arriving. Pickering also licensed coolie depots. To qualify for a license, the depots required a constant and plentiful supply of water and good ventiliation. He also visited the coolies to ask them in person what their connections in Singapore were, making sure they had someone to turn to during their stay.

    This establishment of the Chinese Protectorate let the British sustain, for the first time in history, a satisfactory relationship with the Chinese community. Pickering was know affectionately to the Chinese as dairen (大人), Cantonese for 'great man'. The Protectorate effectively became a legitimate alternative where migrants could come and try solve their problems, instead of putting it forward to the societies for a normally violent conclusion. It thus helped to deter many new immigrants from increasing the membership of secret societies.


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  4. #4
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    Re: Singapore SS

    Aiyah, those gangs involved in the recent slashings are juvenile street gangs lah. They are nowhere near those old timer gangs when the society is in chaos and everyone wants to draw territorial lines. Now the law is hot on their itchy backsides. I'm waiting to see how many will be charged and how many will "lan lan" be good boy and go back to school to learn something useful.

  5. #5
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    Re: Singapore SS

    Quote Originally Posted by pengful View Post
    Aiyah, those gangs involved in the recent slashings are juvenile street gangs lah. They are nowhere near those old timer gangs when the society is in chaos and everyone wants to draw territorial lines. Now the law is hot on their itchy backsides. I'm waiting to see how many will be charged and how many will "lan lan" be good boy and go back to school to learn something useful.
    maybe they will go to the BOY's Home???



    cheers
    mod is the way to go.........(MTL)

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    Re: Singapore SS

    The guy who started discussing the subject was a moron.

  8. #8
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    Re: Singapore SS

    Quote Originally Posted by pengful View Post
    The guy who started discussing the subject was a moron.
    Think he still ISa moron.



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  9. #9
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    Re: Singapore SS

    Anyone know where i can join 宝马堂?
    Otherwise when other gang ask me where I come from, I have nothing to say, quite malu. I heard 宝马堂 quite powerful, if I tell them I from there, they sure scared.

    “Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything - all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important.”
    “And most important, have the courage to follow your heart & intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.”

  10. #10
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    Re: Singapore SS

    Quote Originally Posted by C3P0 View Post
    Anyone know where i can join 宝马堂?
    Otherwise when other gang ask me where I come from, I have nothing to say, quite malu. I heard 宝马堂 quite powerful, if I tell them I from there, they sure scared.
    wow, then what's the code number for this gang???



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